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New Zealand Plant Protection 60 (2007): 209-216

Clover root weevil in the South Island: detection, response and current distribution

C.B. Phillips, M.R. McNeill, S. Hardwick, C.J. Vink, J.M. Kean, D. Bewsell, C.M. Ferguson, L.M. Winder, I.I. Iline, M.C. Barron and B. Stuart

ABSTRACT

Sitona lepidus had spread throughout the North Island of New Zealand by 2005, and was first detected in the South Island in January 2006 when one individual was found at Harewood, Christchurch. Intensive sampling during February 2006 recovered only two additional specimens. Several specimens were recovered from a separate Christchurch location in August 2006. Localised S. lepidus populations were discovered near Richmond, Nelson, in April 2006 and in Rai Valley in May 2006. A website established in May 2006 to provide information about S. lepidus was visited a mean of 135 times per month, but it was never used to report possible new South Island infestations. A biological control agent, Microctonus aethiopoides, was released at Richmond and Rai Valley between August 2006 and March 2007. By May 2007, it was parasitising from 4% to 14% of S. lepidus adults, which indicates it is likely to become permanently established.

Keywords: white clover, risk perception, surveillance, dispersal, spread, biosecurity.

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