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Proceedings of the NZ Plant Protection Conference 52 (1999): 214-217

Phalaris and tall fescue seed production: Volunteer control and herbicide tolerance

K. Reddy, M.P. Rolston and W.J. Archie

ABSTRACT

Experiments in grass seed crops investigated the control of volunteers in phalaris (Phalaris aquatica) and tolerance of phalaris seed crops to four herbicides and tall fescue (Festuca arundiacea) to eight herbicides. Atrazine at 2040 g/ha gave 94% control of volunteer phalaris and both atrazine at 2040 g/ha and ethofumesate at 2000 g/ha showed good tolerance with phalaris seed yields of 760 and 750 kg/ha compared to untreated control which had a seed yield of 620 kg/ha. Tall fescue seed yields showed good tolerance to terbuthylazine at 750 g/ha, prodiamine at 65 g/ha, chlorpropham at 1200 g/ha, diuron at 1800 g/ha and oxyflurofen at 288 g/ha with seed yields of 2580-2730 kg/ha compared to untreated of 2200 kg/ha. In the second year, burn treatments with metolachlor at 1920 g/ha gave 88 % volunteer control with a seed yield of 1380 kg/ha compared with untreated control of 1090 kg/ha.

Keywords: Festuca arundiaceae, herbicide, Phalaris aquatica, seed, tall fescue, volunteer control.

Copyright © 1999 New Zealand Plant Protection Society (Inc.).

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