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New Zealand Plant Protection 66 (2013): 89-93

Confirmation of glyphosate resistance in two species of ryegrass from New Zealand vineyards

H. Ghanizadeh, K.C. Harrington, T.K. James and D.J. Woolley

ABSTRACT

Plants were obtained from two populations of Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) and three populations of perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) from different vineyards in Marlborough and Nelson that were suspected of being resistant to glyphosate following many consecutive applications of this herbicide over recent years. Each population was multiplied by splitting out tillers, and this was also done for plants taken from a population of each species from Manawatu pastures where they had not been exposed to glyphosate application. A dose-response experiment showed that four populations taken from the vineyards were about 10 times as resistant to glyphosate as those plants that had not been previously exposed to the herbicide. The experiment was repeated and showed one perennial ryegrass population to have a 30-fold level of resistance. These are the first confirmed cases of glyphosate resistance within New Zealand.

Keywords: glyphosate, herbicide resistance, Italian ryegrass, Lolium multiflorum, perennial ryegrass, Lolium perenne, vineyard.

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